Breast Self Examination


Self Examination

Breast Self-Examination (BSE)

Breast Self-Examination or self- diagnosis is an option for women starting in their 20s. Below are the techniques to perform BSE:

In the Shower

  • Fingers flat move gently over every part of each breast
  • Use your right hand to examine left breast, left hand for the right breast
  • Check for any lump, hard knot or thickening. Carefully observe any changes in your breasts

In Front of Mirror

  • Stand in front of the mirror with both arms by your side and look closely at both of your breasts
  • Look for changes in size, colour or texture (these may be signs of inflammatory Breast Cancer)
  • Look for any changes in the contour of each breast, a swelling or a dimpling of skin or changes in the nipple. Then rest the palms on hips and press firmly to flex your chest muscles. Left and right breasts will not exactly match – few women’s breasts do

Lying Down

  • Place a pillow under right shoulder, right arm behind your head. With fingers of left hand flat, press right breast gently in small circular motions, moving vertically or in a circular pattern covering the entire breast
  • Pay attention to any change such as lumps, bumpy texture and tenderness)
  • Use light, medium and firm pressure. Gently press the nipple and check for discharge and changes in the nipple itself
  • After you examine your breast, move to your underarm (lymph node area) and look for changes there
  • Follow the same procedure on your left side